I thought I needed the 35mm but realized that the 50 is perfect for me and the 85 is a dream for outdoors. Thank you Alexandria!! While FX is a full-frame sensor, DX is a crop-frame sensor. For Canon, EF can be used for both full frame and crop frame but EF-S will only mount to crop frame. I never had the 35mm 1.8 when I had my D90 and didn’t feel like I needed it. It will say either Full Frame or APS-C. This is known as the crop factor, which compares the angle of view with that of a traditional full-frame 35mm film SLR. . In 2002, the first sensor that equaled the size of 35mm film was produced.Canon was the first mainstream camera manufacturer to produce a DSLR camera with a sensor the siz… This video compares the Bokeh of a Crop frame to a Full frame DSLR. Thank you. I almost never felt like I needed anything wider. Do you recommend a prime lens, and if so, would the Canon EF 20 mm or EF 35 mm be appropriate? (with appropriate lens) Or am I better off with an FX camera for this type of work? It came with an 18-55mm F 3.5-5.6 and a 55-200mm F4-5.6 I love shooting wildlife and nature scenes. Full-Frame or 35mm Diagonal / Crop Sensor Diagonal = Crop Factor So, if you have a camera with an APS-C-sized sensor (circa 15.6 x 23.5mm or 14.8 x 22.2 on Canon), plug in the numbers and you will get a crop … While FX is a full-frame sensor, DX is a crop-frame sensor. Check page 37 and at the bottom it’ll have a small section on the sensor. That’s it. Throughout this book and Stunning Digital Photography, I list focal lengths in 35mm equivalent. This dad is using a 50mm lens on a full frame camera. This might be an impossible choice – the solution to which might be to save a little money for a faster, higher-quality zoom, like the Canon 24-70mm f/2.8 or even the Canon 17-40mm f/4. thank you very much, 50mm f1.8 at around $100 is a great buy for portraits. For practically usable camera, we face two major sensor formats – Full Frame and APS-C Sensor format. First, thanks for a terrific explanation. If you are both using 50mm lenses, then your friend’s focal length is 50mm. I bought my first lens a Sigma 18-250 mm f/3.5-6.3 DC Macro OS HSM All-in-one Zoom Lens. The best name for the full-frame would be a 35 mm equal sensor. Exactly what I was looking for, thank you very much!! Simply multiple the length of the lens by the amount the sensor is cropped. Thanks for any input. What lenses are you looking at?? Hi, thanks for the article. Have been eyeing a 35mm as my next lens purchase to be used for indoor photos. If it has “FX” in the title, the lens was designed for full frame (but can also be used on crop frames). The crop factor of the DX sensor is 1.5. But for the smaller crop frame sensors, the diagonal is only about 30.5mm. This post may help you with deciding between the 1.8 and 1.4 – http://clickitupanotch.com/2012/04/50mm-1-8-vs-1-4/. Can you help me with finding which would give me crisp and some more range. If you’re also a beginner, I hope this helped. It was popular in the 90s in point-and-shoot cameras. The major benefit of using lenses built for crop sensors is their size, weight, and price. Most crop sensor DSLRs use the “APS-C” format, which is a 3:2 ratio, as is full frame, but approximates the size of Advanced Photo System Classic film, which is closer to 24mm rather than 35mm. Next post – zoom lenses. I think I want the 85 next for outdoor portraiture! The only question I have is that if my lens doesn’t have DX or FX in the title how do I find out if it strictly for cropped dslrs or full frame dslrs? As a photographer progresses in their craft and changes gear, they can absolutely apply the crop factor to their camera settings in order to achieve a similar look.. The term “full frame” or “crop” refers to sensor size. The smaller the #, the wider the lens. But another friend (and my wallet) say stick with a better crop sensor. I was able to identify my Canon T3i 600D as an APS-C camera with your chart, but I wanted to point out that I couldn’t find any mention of “APS-C” or “Full Frame” in the specs. In the digital photography world, the 35mm size is our reference point for all imagery. For the average consumer, a smaller 1.5x or 1.6x sensor … Can anyone help me narrow my options down from this this!? Full Frame Sensor. The f-stop will remain the same but the quality of the bokeh will be a little different. There are lenses designed only for crop sensors and lenses that work fine with both. Thank you for this excellent information. Everything is opening my eyes up to amazing information!! Here, you will learn what the difference is and what it means for your photography. Yours is the only one I have found to be truly illustrative of the differences of focal length. What is a Telephoto Lens and Why Should I Use One? Conversely, if you try to use a frame that is smaller than your picture, you have to crop your photo down – but at least you fill the frame! Alexandria Huff's photography and lighting tutorials can be found on, Rent Professional Photo & Video Gear with. I was looking at the 50 mm lens because I love the look of the closer up portraits but now I’m considering the 35 mm after seeing these shots. Thanks again for the wonderful website and info that you share. I have a question. (also, would that equate to more of 28-88mm ?) Low light sensitivity will be your primary concern when photographing concerts. This goes a long way toward teaching beginners some of the fundamentals of good image making. For Pentax, the designation for crop sensor lenses is DA, for Sigma is it DC, and for Rokinon it is CS. See this article for more on that: https://www.borrowlenses.com/blog/crop-sensors-affect-depth-field. How much? With this in mind, I found your article and can only congratulate you. This is your focal length multiplier. But crop sensor … Full Frame Sensor. I am trying to understand this question. What I’m confused on is focal lenths and how it relates to how close or how far a subject will appear in your photo. This blog post is dedicated to all my friends and relatives who just got their first DSLR. Some Nikon cameras, like the D800 and D810, have a “DX Mode”. For the average consumer, a smaller 1.5x or 1.6x sensor will be fine. Thanks again. This film size might seem a bit arbitrary, but it's not. Crop sensor, or APS-C offers smaller sensor sizes that are a subset of the full 35mm sensor size, or a “crop” of that. Thank you so much for these examples! You still have to do your own math to get your effective focal length. Will I end up with more bokeh? Please could you suggest me which type of frame will be good for me. Which means that on a crop sensor camera, the lens focal length is effectively magnified. Thank you so much, I’ll have a look at your website. Full frame cameras should only use full frame lenses. If you can remember the 1990s, APS-C sensors (also called crop sensors) take their name from the old APS film format. What you don’t say is that the sharpness of a Canon full frame lens will be severely compromised on a crop body (see DxO Mark data). This video compares the Bokeh of a Crop frame to a Full frame DSLR. You can not “zoom with your feet”, because if you change your position, your perspective changes. However, on a crop sensor the actual focal length for a 50mm is 80mm (Canon) or 75mm (Nikon). They use the 1.6x language instead of saying APS-C: “Since the image sensor size is smaller than the 35mm film format, it will look like the lens focal length is increased by approx. But not all cameras have 35mm size image sensors! And yes, there will be props in the background so I see what you mean, I think….I might try renting the Canon 17-40 to start with for the extra width. Full frame sensor image on the left and crop frame sensor image on the right. Wow, this was really a great post. Thanks for this! No. Respectfully. Lenses designed for crop sensor cameras don’t do the math for you and list it on the barrel. Thank you! This is completely subjective, of course, but I took the a6300 with me to Iceland and Jordan and only wanted to carry 1 lens for the entire trip. Super 35 is cropped … There are two main reasons why 35mm film became the industry standard in 1909: http://clickitupanotch.com/2012/03/everything-you-want-to-know-about-camera-lenses-part-5-comparing-different-lenses/. The physical sensor size is smaller than a full frame (1/1.5 or 0.67x for 1.5 crop factor, 1/1.6 or 0.625x for 1.6 crop factor), but retains the same 3:2 aspect ratio of their full frame … Crop sensors have a narrower angle of view, which enhances the telephoto eff… I am using a Nikon D90 with 20mm f/2.8D, 50mm f/1.4D and 70-300mm VR Lens. You can see what each lens is able to capture. The key to great portrait photography is understanding... Each industry has rivalries and in photography it's usu... https://www.borrowlenses.com/category/sony-full-frame-mirrorless, https://www.borrowlenses.com/product/Nikon-D500-DSLR-Camera, https://www.borrowlenses.com/product/Sony-FE-16-35mm-f-2-8-GM-Lens, https://www.borrowlenses.com/product/Sony-FE-2470mm-f28-GM-Lens, https://www.borrowlenses.com/product/Sony-FE-24-105mm-G-OSS-Lens, https://www.borrowlenses.com/blog/crop-sensors-affect-depth-field, https://www.borrowlenses.com/blog/crop-sensors-affect-depth-field/, https://www.borrowlenses.com/product/Sony-VarioTessar-T-E-Mount-16-70mm-f4-ZA-OSS-Lens, http://www.alexandriahuff.com/Sony-a6300-1670mm-Sample-Images/n-3PNxQZ/, https://www.borrowlenses.com/category/aurora-lens. How much they get cropped is different on Nikon and Canon. Hi! After reading your article and from my limited prior knowledge I was thinking the Nikon 35mm f/1.8G AF-S DX looked like a good option. Thank you so much, this was very useful to me. I’m about to purchase a Nikon D750 and have been stumped with the complexity of lenses! This is a lot of information to process. I am an new and learning. But your apparent focal length is closer to 80mm. Should I be looking at a 35 or 20? Wow! But the glass itself is still what it says on the barrel. You can google it but unless your camera cost around $2500 you probably have a crop sensor :O) You either have a crop sensor or a full frame and full frames are very $$ :O). I am a beginner in DSLR, earlier used to use Compact cameras like Sony HX series. The D7100 is a crop sensor. I have a 35 and 50 but was considering a 85 next…can you borrow one of those too? I don’t need to look any further. The sensor size of DSLRs are known as 36mm x 24mm in today’s digital world. With the help of this article and the article about the 1.8 v 1.4, I’ve decided the 50mm 1.4 is the right one for me (with dreams of the 1.2 in the future of course). Whereas, a crop-sensor (also called APS-C) has a crop factor of 1.5x (Nikon) or 1.6x (Canon). The benefit of using prime lenses is that they are designed to produce beautiful out-of-focus backgrounds when using wide apertures. One photographer suggested me to buy Fuji X-e3 but didn’t get time to ask him about lens. I’ve been trying to read all the articles I can find. It seems to allow more of the room/space and I think that might work better for group photos…any feedback would be appreciated. Crop sensor, or APS-C offers smaller sensor sizes that are a subset of the full 35mm sensor size, or a “crop” of that. I have a 24/70mm 2.8L and don’t love it at all. I have been using Panasonic compact camera (very basic) for still snaps and Canon GF25 for Videos. The common types of crop sensor … I think it just depends on which focal length fits your style the best. Your email address will not be published. Me too I’ve been searching for a way to visualise the difference between lenses. Crop sensor, or APS-C offers smaller sensor sizes that are a subset of the full 35mm sensor size, or a “crop” of that.