chronicles etc.). The colonial era began with the establishment of British control after the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826, and the post-colonial era began in 1947 after the Independence of India. People of Assam 3.1.Introduction Assam falls in one of the great migration routes of mankind and over the ages there have been waves of migration of diverse groups. This list may not reflect recent changes ().This page was last edited on … People of Assam 3. The Koch dynasty reached its peak under his sons, Nara Narayan and Chilarai. But Sanskrit pundits say the word “Asama” (unequalled or peerless) was the root word for “Assam”, this suggestion was rejected by renowned scholar Banikanta Kakati. Numerous raiz mels decided against paying the taxes. Answers is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want Rice is the main food of Assamese people. The other members were elected by local public bodies like municipalities, local boards, landholders, tea planters and Muslims. A History of Assam 2nd Edition 1926 Thackar, Spink & Co Calcutta page 286, Barbaruah Hiteshwar Ahomar Din or A History of Assam under the Ahoms 1st Edition 1981 Assam Publication Board Guwahati page 327-328, Barua Gunaviram A History of Assam Fourth Edition 2008 Assam Publication Board page 126-127, Bhuyan S.K. Protohistoric Assam is reconstructed from epics and literature from early times (Mahabharata, Kalika Purana, Yogini Tantra, diff. During the classical period and up to the 12th century the region east of the Karatoya river, largely matching the present-day Assam, was called Kamarupa and Pragjyotisha. Forms to be filled: 1. Early Neolithic cultures based on the unifacially flaked hand-axe in the Garo hills have developed in line with the Hoabinhian culture, and it is conjectured that this region was the contact point for the Indian and the Southeast Asian cultures. Lt. Singer, a British officer got into a fracas with the peasants and was killed, after which the protests were violently suppressed. Locally, this period, called the manor din (Assamese: “The days/period of the Burmese”) by the Indigenous Assamese people and Chahi-Taret Khuntakpa (seven years of devastation) in Meitei, is remembered with horror. The history of Assam can be divided into four eras. (, Gait E.A. Protohistory has been reconstructed from folklore: epics like Mahabharata, and two medieval texts compiled in the Assam region—the Kalika Purana and the Yogini Tantra. A top performer among the seven sister states of northeast India (other states are Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram), Assam and its contiguous regions are connected to mainland India through a strip of land in West Bengal called the Siliguri Corridor or "Chicken’s Neck". Beginning 1905 peasants from East Bengal began settling down in the riverine tracts (char) of the Brahmaputra valley encouraged by the colonial government to increase agricultural production and government had successful on that mission[[20]]. Other Paleolithic sites include those in the Daphabum area of Lohit district in Arunachal Pradesh which used stone tools from metamorphic rocks. The British thus became the masters of Brahmaputra Valley and they began to consolidate their rule in Assam. [6] Assam is most improved state. removed by Alauddin Hussain Shah in 1498. Burmese occupation was complete by 1821 (Baruah 1993:213) Year Colonial Assam (1826-1947) Contemporaneous events Date source 1826 Treaty of Yandaboo signed between and King of Naraka appears to be a generic name for many kings belonging to the Naraka dynasty. Form 16 2. The microliths here were made of dolerite, unlike those from the rest of India. It can only be conjectured that metal age sites in the region exist but have not yet been discovered. Xuanzang visited his court and left behind a significant account. The affinity is with Southeast Asia. In 1833, the Ahom prince Purandar Singha was made a tributary ruler in Upper Assam. The Assam government is currently mulling to bring in a law that will bring transparency in the institution of marriage. that the Kamarupa kings issued during their reign. A common theme of Medieval kingship narratives in Assam is associated with shaktism and the Kamakhya temple.[4]. In 1861 peasants of Nagaon gathered at Phulaguri for a raiz mel (peoples' assembly) to protest against taxes on betel-nut and paan. Ethnically diverse and the most vibrant north-eastern state of India, Assam is in a way defined by the mighty river Brahmaputra whose valleys along with those of Barak river have been the habitat for thousands of flora and fauna including wild animals. There were three Burmese invasions of Assam between 1817 and 1826, during which time the Kingdom of Assam (Ahom) came under the control of Burma from 1821 to 1825. This province had a 15-member legislative council in which Assam had two seats. Colonial Assam (1826–1947) refers to the period of History of Assam between the signing of the Treaty of Yandabo and Independence of India when Assam was under the British colonial rule. In this period Nagaon witnessed starvation deaths, and there was a decrease in the indigenous population, which was more than adequately compensated by the immigrant labor. 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