The Autonomous State of Meghalaya came into being on April 2, 1970 attaining its statehood on the January 21, 1972. Illustration by Tarique Aziz for Mongabay. Khasi Food - Famous Cuisine of Meghalaya. On Sundays, the cities, towns and villages wear a festive look as hordes turn up in church in their Sunday best. The dance forms in the state are dedicated to various events such as social, religious, agricultural and recreational. Crafts of Meghalaya . The traditions, music, and customs followed in the festivals of Meghalaya depict these belief systems. So we sent a circular to the all villages to come up with a plan of activities, a village development plan, as per their most pressing need. Apart from being a nature’s gift to India, Manipur is also a melting pot of culture. Well, before you start learning about the culture of any new place, you should know about its people. The state is home to three different tribes known as the Khasi, Garo and Jaintia, among which the first two are popular ones. Nature has ensured that all her elements are tightly intertwined, whereby one’s survival or death is dependent on the other. These funds helped initiate a community movement of planting trees near the water bodies, cleaning them at regular intervals and spreading awareness about refraining from fishing during the breeding season. “The problem was more to do with gathering of moss, dried leaves and twigs, and also, of clogging due to the gathering of silt,” he said. Around 70% part of the state is forest. Working on this aspect, Lyngdoh helped in reviving six sacred groves near different villages where re-planting of local tree species was done, widening the periphery of the forest. Born Lang said that when the saplings took root and grew taller, the villagers felt it was safer to use the pond water, “because the roots were now aiding in filtration of the wastewater that seeped into the ground from the houses.”. Physically, they are short, muscular and robust with fair complexions. The Sanskrit word "Meghalaya" means "abode of clouds." Hand weaving is much sought after vocation of the artisans here not only in cloth but also in cane. Partha J. Das of Aaranyak, a non-governmental organisation that works on conservation in northeast India, said that these effects simply reinstate the fact that “any watershed, like sacred forests, help in maintaining water bodies and wetlands”. Meghalaya festivals and events reflect the vibrant culture and traditions of the Meghalayan society. Megalaya is an important state of the north eastern part of India. Illustration by Tarique Aziz, an illustrator and graphic designer from Assam, India. Meghalaya is known to be one of the most beautiful states of North Eastern India. People have lived here since Neolithic era. The people of Meghalaya believe that the sacred groves are the abode of deities. Geography of Meghalaya It is the name of a northeastern Indian state whose socio-economic system might seem … It is a single piece of cloth wrapped in a criss-cross manner across the shoulders and it is paired with a blouse. In Meghalaya’s sacred groves not only are these trees forbidden from being cut, nothing from the sacred grove, “not even a twig” is allowed to be taken out from there. The Jaintias celebrate festivals in the belief that such celebrations will bring the man and his culture close to the natural environment. Megalaya is an important state of the north eastern part of India. It is a great time to experience the old traditions of Meghalaya’s western-most tribe and indulge in the unique cuisine of the place. April 17, 2017 Shillong Today. The bride dresses herself in traditional Khasi outfit for her wedding day. As Meghalaya is so famous for its traditional farming and irrigation system from shifting cultivation to bun agriculture, even tree-based farming is being practiced by the peoples of Meghalaya. The state has a very peaceful atmosphere and a serene environment to offer and is home to a number of tribes such as Garo, Khasi and Jaintia. These traditional farming methods are properly adapted to the environmental conditions of Meghalaya. Meghalaya is a land of rich culture and tradition. An untouched forest that is the soul of Khasi culture, Mawphlang is home to the most celebrated of all the ‘law-kyntang’ or ancient sacred groves of Meghalaya. The state has a lot of attractive things with vibrant culture, great scenic beauty, tradition and peace, which attracts millions of tourists. The people of Meghalaya have long perfected the art of weaving, be it cane or cloth. In Meghalaya, the Khasi tribe is the largest one that has many other sub-tribes namely the Khynriams, the Bhois, and the Wars. “Not only is it (pond/wetland) a source of water, but also nourishes the community with food, like fish and, if there is, aquatic fauna which they can even sell,” he added. Meghalaya mainly has 3 divisions based on the tribes living in this area. Shillong,April 17: Sericulture and Weaving in Meghalaya are the two most important cottage based, eco-friendly industries in the rural areas. The Nagpuri version of the dance is further... link to Ghoda Naach Folk Dance of Jharkhand, Laho: An Essential Folk Dance in Behdienkhlam Festival of Meghalaya, Lambadi Dance - Banjara Folk Dance of Andhra Pradesh. Its summits vary in elevation from 4,000 to 6,000 feet (1,220 to 1,830 metres). Different tribes and culture. The pond is downhill and the toilet wastewater, from the septic tanks, seeps into the ground. Shillong, named after Lei Shillong is a blend of diverse Shillong Culture and Traditions with the people belonging to the Khasi, the Jaintia and the Bhor tribes and a majority of Christianity followers. HANDICRAFTS OF MEGHALAYA. One such popular dance form prevalent in this culturally rich land is the Ghoda Naach. The people of Meghalaya are cheerful, sociable and hardworking and have exemplary dignity of labor. They are the only Mon-Khmer speaking people in South Asia. The main occupation of these tribes in Meghalaya is cultivation. Jainsem is the traditional wear of Khasi women. Meghalaya is an upland area formed by a detached block of the Deccan plateau. This place is full of many interesting tribes and the different customs that they follow. Hima is the system of the traditional polity of the local community of Meghalaya, a system of governance by traditional heads. Shad Nongkrem. Talking about the art and craft, the tribes are known for their skills in weaving. The most prominent art here is woodcarving and cane and bamboo work as the … Present day Meghalaya was incorporated in the state of Assam after the independence of India in 1947. Meghalaya is a unique and small state in the north-eastern region of India, it is a paradise on earth. As years went by and the village grew, the pond began losing its significance. People of Meghalaya are also unique in their own tradition and culture-The the state is the home for the three indigenous tribes – Khasi, Garo and Jaintia and … “The water became cooler, cleaner, and once again, people have started going to the pond every morning to collect water for their household purposes.” This, he added, was of particular significance to people in the smaller, more interior villages where the piped water supply was sometimes erratic due to pump-breakdowns. People of Meghalaya have their typical cooking pattern, which takes place according to the availability of foodstuffs in Meghalaya. A cultural tradition of the Khasi people is that they follow the matrilineal system of descent and inheritance. However, with the change of time as in the rest of the country, the males have adopted the western code of dress leaving the ladies to continue the tradition of ethnic sartorial elegance. Meghalaya lies in the extreme northeastern region of India. It was quite nice to see so much respect for women in Meghalaya. Thirty-year-old Born Lang Blah from Mawphlang village has vivid memories of his childhood, when men, women, and children would walk downhill to Um Khlaw, the pond to collect water. It is sacred,” he said. Festivals of Meghalaya . “Between 2013 to 2019-20, we have sold 280,000 tons of carbon at 5 USD-9 USD per ton,” he said, “We still have unsold stick of 66,000 tons.”. Traditional food of Meghalaya has a place in important ceremonies. It was a similar story in most other villages in the area until Tambor Lyngdoh stepped in and helped initiate a movement to revive these little village ponds in almost 70 villages of the Mawphlang sub-district in the northeastern state of Meghalaya. The people of Meghalaya follow their traditional religious system which was originally a mix of Pantheism and Hinduism. The … In Meghalaya, the Khasi tribe is the largest one that has many other sub-tribes namely the Khynriams, the Bhois, and the Wars. Khasi, the majority tribe of Meghalaya, celebrates their indigenous festivals with traditional music and merry making. Culture of Meghalaya The Main tribes. Throughout the day, in any office across Shillong, you will experience friends sharing and enjoying kwai. If an area has a good forest cover, it regenerates and enriches water bodies. You may also like Nongkrem Dance Festival of Meghalaya. Crafts of Meghalaya . They also wear a turban, headgear and jacket. India is one of the countries which has credits for emitting less carbon. Pop. They are devout and practice their faith with fervour. Hand weaving is much sought after vocation of the artisans here not only in cloth but also in cane. Hima is the system of the traditional polity of the local community of Meghalaya, a system of governance by traditional heads. The Khasi lady wears a dress called ‘Jainsem’ which flows loose to the ankles. Most of them opted for drinking water sources,” he said. Download ebook. Shillong: The Tibetan settlement officer of Shillong, Mr Pema Dhondup accompanied by the office secretary Ms Tenzin Yangchen made a courtesy call on the honourable Governor of Meghalaya HE Satya Pal Malik at Raj Bhavan on 23 November 2020. Meghalaya means the “abode of clouds” and is one of the most popular tourist spots in the country. The endowed natural beauty of the state owned it the accolade of “Scotland of East”, its awesome weather, the exquisite culture, and traditions of the ethnic tribes of Meghalaya make the state distinctly stand-out from the other states of India. This also discouraged people from using the pond water,” he said. Just like the traditions, the wedding attire in traditional Meghalaya wedding is also unique and is a unique representation of the culture intrinsic to Meghalaya. Physically, they are short, muscular and robust with fair complexions. Awareness—or the lack of it—is the first and the most crucial step in addressing an issue. The Garos believed in the 'Supreme God' as locally known as 'Dakgipa Rugipa Stugipa Pantugipa or Tatara Rabuga Stura Pantura', or the Creator and they also have faith in sin and depending on it the incarnation of the spirit in it takes place. World Tourism Day, 27th September This year on World Tourism Day, we are in the midst of unprecedented situations. In the case of the “contaminated” water bodies in Mawphlang too, Lyngdoh said that it was their work on the conservation of the sacred groves and community forests that helped in the revival of water bodies. “The rule is that the water from the sacred groves must not be sold or used for commercial purposes,” he said. They also believe in reconciling spirits during some religious festivals by offering sacrifices. As a part of the tradition, a portion of the bride’s wedding attire as well as jewelry is given by the groom. Rooted in tradition . People in the state believe that celebrations are a way to unite and bring the good spirit in the population. The tradition which makes the people of Meghalaya unique is the matrilineal system. “For example, the roots of the trees helped prevent erosion of soil, particularly during the heavy rains in the monsoons, thereby reducing clogging of the ponds,” Lyngdoh said. (2011) 2,964,007. It is a five day festival held in beginning November to offer thanksgiving for a good harvest. It bestows the welfare of people, their cattle & land, and keeps the evil spirits away. Land Relief and drainage. Meghalaya—alaya (“abode”) and megha (“of the clouds”)—occupies a mountainous plateau of great scenic beauty. Jaintia women wear blouses paired with sarong which is known as Thoh Khyrwang. One of the seven sisters, Meghalaya is a beautiful hill state located in the northeast region of India. 2Department of Biotechnology & Bioinformatics, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793 022 Meghalaya *E-mail: srjoshi2006@yahoo.co.in Received 30.09.11, revised 08.04.13 In the present investigation, various traditional foods consumed by the ethnic Khasi tribe of Meghalaya, India were As a part of the tradition, a portion of the bride’s wedding attire as well as jewelry is given by the groom. Marriage in the same clan is allowed after divorce or death of the … The markets of the state can be browsed for such amazing handicrafts. It was India’s first community-based REDD+ project. The original religious system of the people is a mix of Hinduism and Pantheism. Here are 10 of these delightful discoveries of the culture of Meghalaya. Local folks of Meghalaya mostly use two types of farming practices, the shifting cultivation, and the terrace or bun cultivation. The different communities have varied customs and traditions. For instance, during a marriage, the groom and his relatives visit the bride’s house carrying rice beer, betel nut, betel leaves and new clothes, among many other items, which are handed over to the eldest lady of the bride’s family. In these tribes, the woman proposes for marriage to the man and the marriages are supposed to follow two laws namely Exogamy and Akim. “Contamination, in this case, does not mean garbage dumping,” Lyngdoh clarified at the onset. Q.2. The state is endowed with a rich tradition of art and handicrafts. For his work, such as the regeneration of 5,000 hectares of open forests, Lyngdoh was also awarded the NatWest Earth Hero Award this year. The state has a very peaceful atmosphere and a serene environment to offer and is home to a number of tribes such as Garo, Khasi and Jaintia. “In Meghalaya, we have 215 such sacred forests which are protected by social fencing,” Lyngdoh said, “The Mawphlang sacred grove is 700 years old; it is therefore an ancient genetic pool.” Most of the sacred groves have a number of water bodies — Mawphlang has 20 ponds, said Lyngdoh — from where the local villagers can take water for drinking and cooking. From 1979 began a series of unrests, mostly ethnic in nature, that continue even to this day in varied degrees and nature. Black … Meghalaya is known to be one of the most beautiful states of North Eastern India. The Bacardi NH7 Weekender is a yearly event that is much awaited by the music-loving crowd of the state. The state has a very peaceful atmosphere and a serene environment to offer and is home to a number of tribes such as Garo, Khasi and Jaintia. After working as an editorial illustrator and storyboard artist for several years, he is currently working independently from his home studio and enjoys working on everything from children’s books and comics to editorial illustration and brand identities. 1) Matrilinear culture of Meghalaya. Some of the important festivals are: Wangala : is one of the most important festivals held during the second week of November for two days. Meghalaya is a state of India with a rich folk tradition. In these tribes, the woman proposes for marriage to the man and the marriages are supposed to follow two laws namely Exogamy and Akim. For reconciling the spirits the people generally offer … The traditional wear of the men includes a headgear or turban and a dhoti which is stitched. Area 8,660 square miles (22,429 square km). No celebration in Meghalaya is complete without the involvement of dance and music. With the pleasant climate and a laid-back attitude of everyday life, the youth and the old indulge in music. Going by these laws, one is not allowed to marry someone from another clan even after the death of the spouse. Home Meghalaya Information Dance and Music Meghalaya: Dance and Music Meghalaya . The capital city of Shillong is dubbed as the Rock Capital of India for a reason. The Khasis are famous for weaving cane mat, stools and baskets. The capital city Shillong has people from different communities, tribes and religions, while the remaining are mostly occupied by the major and minor tribes mentioned above. Weaving in Meghalaya a prosperity the traditional way. Like an interlinked chain, a thriving wetland helps in maintaining the socio-economic health of the rural community. The local community in Meghalaya is known for its penchant for cleanliness — Mawlynnong in Meghalaya, a couple of hours from Mawphlang, holds the title of the Cleanest Village in Asia. Here are 10 of these delightful discoveries of the culture of Meghalaya. Costumes for Men of Meghalaya: Traditional clothing for Garo men is a loin outfit. The state’s economy is largely dependent on the tourism department. Physically, they are short, muscular and robust with fair complexions. Care was taken that only local species of trees, like Castanopsis indica, Myrica, and Ficus, were planted. Meghalaya, along with the neighbouring Indian states, have been of archaeological interest. Q.1. The tribal Khasi community in India's northeast is famed for its matrilineal heritage. The evolution of the traditional homes in 1890s with regards to the Earthquake The arrival of Christianity in the mid-20th century signalled the beginning of a decline in tribal musical traditions. The locals are already acquainted with these methods of farming and they know the ecological balance it restores. In this unique system, the women of society inherit all the belonging and are the head of the family. Going by these laws, one is not allowed to marry someone from another clan even after the death of the spouse. The most important physiological feature here is the Shillong plateau interspersed with river valley, falling sharply in the southern portion forming deep gorges and ravine. Marriage in the same clan is allowed after divorce or death of the spouse. Area 8,660 square miles (22,429 square km). The general definition of the Mars is that of men who can perform extraordinary feats and in most cases stories have it that the Mars are giants among men. Meghalaya is a hotspot for biodiversity thus it is rich in flora and fauna. A marriage is celebrated in Meghalaya only after both the families involved, agree to the alliance. People began using piped water and the pond began gathering moss, and silt during the rains. These unrests and violence resulted in loss of lives and property and is seldom spoken of in popular discourse. Traditional weddings in Meghalaya are elaborate in nature and are usually preceded by an official engagement of the couple. The rest of the country knows the place for receiving the highest amount of rainfall among all other states of India. 1) Matrilinear culture of Meghalaya. These twin industries portray the cultural ethos and rich heritage of the people of the State. Shillong TSO Pema Dhondup felicitates the Governor of Meghalaya HE Satya Pal Malik with traditional white scarf and mementoes. Predominantly Christian, their society is casteless. They are devout and practice their faith with fervour. A brief research work done to understand the relationship between Architecture, Society Culture Myths and beliefs of the Tribal people of The Khasi Hills Meghalaya, India. The Pnar and War people who lived in the erstwhile kingdom of Jañtia have a rich tradition and tales. Some other effects, though not visible, still made a difference. Traditions of Meghalaya. Dance performances at weddings, fairs, and other festivals are a common thing in Jharkhand. Forest fires during the dry season, soil erosion and other such factors, including “erosion of traditional values”, according to the Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, have resulted in degradation of some sacred groves. Sacred groves are forest fragments, which are protected by religious communities, and have a significant religious connotation for the protecting community. The Meghalaya religion is based on the fear and dread of the supernatural powers. The state is endowed with a rich tradition of art and handicrafts. Dakmanda is a short piece of unstitched cotton cloth worn around the waist by the Garo women. Many of them worship the stones while some worship mother nature. The dance forms vary from one region to another but still possess a universal culture. Meghalaya is known to be one of the most beautiful states of North Eastern India. Meghalaya—alaya (“abode”) and megha (“of the clouds”)—occupies a mountainous plateau of great scenic beauty. It is celebrated across the Jaintia Hills districts and the largest celebrations happen in Jowai town. The endowed natural beauty of the state owned it the accolade of “Scotland of East”, its awesome weather, the exquisite culture, and traditions of the ethnic tribes of Meghalaya make the state distinctly stand-out from the other states of India. The Khasi community celebrates a number of festivals, few of which are Ka Shad Suk Mynsiem, Shad Beh Sier, Ka Pom-Blang Nongkrem and Umsan Nongkharai. HANDICRAFTS OF MEGHALAYA. Besides this, Garos and the Jaintias are two other main tribes of the state. It is celebrated across the Jaintia Hills districts and … In our region of Northeast, India breakfast is very ethnic and a Kong from a local shop will come into the offices building each morning and sell traditionally prepared food. The people of Meghalaya are cheerful, sociable and hardworking and have exemplary dignity of labour. The people of Meghalaya are cheerful, sociable and hardworking and have exemplary dignity of labour. Meghalaya was carved out as a separate state from Assam in 1972. It is the only state in the entire northeast which is matrilineal and takes the identity solely from the mother. These twin industries portray the cultural ethos and rich heritage of the people of the State. Full of vibrant culture, tradition, great scenic beauty, and tranquility are some of the attractions of the state that can pull any tourist in. The State of Meghalaya was carved out of the Assam's Hill areas that sprawl along her southern frontiers with Bangladesh and act as her natural barriers. Women are allowed to marry their nephews on the death of their husbands. Predominantly Christian, their society is casteless. “It was not a sudden change that was visible, but over time, people could see that the aquatic life began thriving once again in their local ponds,” Lyngdoh said. Drums, bamboo flutes and small hand-held cymbals are a popular ensemble. Meghalaya food comprises rice and vegetable curries or fish and meat. Shad Nongkrem is the most important festival of the Khasi tribe from Meghalaya. The different communities have varied customs and traditions. The early history of Meghalaya is not known, the Khasi, Jaintia, Bhoi, War, collectively known as the Hynniewtrep people predominantly inhabit the districts East of Meghalaya, also known to be one of the earliest ethnic group of settlers in the Indian sub-continent, belonging to the Proto Austroloid Monkhmer race. Meghalaya ist einer von drei mehrheitlich christlichen Bundesstaaten Indiens, neben den auch in Nordostindien gelegenen Mizoram und Nagaland (im nahen Arunachal Pradesh bilden die Christen mit 30,3 % eine nur knappe Mehrheit). Its summits vary in elevation from 4,000 to 6,000 feet (1,220 to 1,830 metres). He then went on to form Synjuk, a non-governmental initiative that implemented the Khasi Hills Community REDD+ project, a UN project for forest conservation and sustainable management, that aimed to protect sacred groves and watersheds and replant degraded land. “It is a natural process. The architecture of Meghalaya-In India some states have outstanding climates and natural resources, some have fabular culture and traditions and some have tremendous architecture and histories, but what if a single state has all the above thing and still stands as the pleasant natural location with traditional peoples and their own culture. The tribal dances are performed at events like social, religious, agricultural, funeral and recreational. Well, before you start learning about the culture of any new place, you should know about its people. Behdienkhlam is the biggest festival of the Pnars who practice the indigenous Niamtre religion. It was quite nice to see so much respect for women in Meghalaya. Meghalaya is an upland area formed by a detached block of the Deccan plateau. In fact Kwai has a history or tradition of being the great equalizer. But men are increasingly complaining that the tradition has left them neglected and devoid of motivation. Those who do not obey the traditional norms of these groves may have to face the wrath of the deity. Some of the effects of these actions were visible. The three major tribes of Meghalaya have distinct costumes and jewellery. Culture of Meghalaya The Main tribes. It was in the 18th and 19th centuries when the Khasi, Garo, and Jaintia tribes have their kingdoms. This highlights the status of women in Meghalaya which is way different than women in other parts of the country. “From the year 2013 on, we received enough funds through carbon sales. Land Relief and drainage. He then went on to form Synjuk, a non-governmental initiative that implemented the Khasi Hills Community REDD+ project, a UN project for forest conservation and sustainable management, that aimed to … The importance of Meghalaya is its possible role in human history through domestication of rice. Most Khasi men unstitched Dhoti which can be seen normally in all across Meghalaya. 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