Shandong Hardneck, which is the original cultivated garlic variety, is distinguished by its stiff center staff, around which large uniform cloves hang. If you have any questions, or additions to the list, let me know in the comments below! Choose the best type of garlic to grow, and learn about the different types of garlic. Beekeepers’ Sicilian. These all fall into three main types of hardneck garlic: purple stripe, rocambole, and porcelain. They are sought after by chef's because of their exceptional flavor and large easy to peel cloves. Leah 99 Hardneck garlic has a relatively sparse parchment wrapper that makes it easier to peel (and damage) than softneck. All rights reserved. Hardneck garlic plants are varieties that have long flowering stems, called "scapes," which need to be cut off the plant to preserve the development of the bulbs. rocambole. It has large bulbs and is a heavy... ‘Bianco Veneto’. All garlics are Alliums, the species sativum, and originated in central Asia.Garlics fall into two broad categories, the hardnecks which usually grow a woody, hard neck or scape in the stem center are var. Originally thought to be a variety of softneck garlic, Creole garlic turns out to be in a … Garlic falls into two primary categories: hardneck and softneck. Garlic that tolerates poor or clay soil includes Siberian, Georgian Crystal, Parvin, Bogatyr and Phillips. The garlic varieties listed below are arranged first by ‘garlic subtype’ and then alphabetically within each subtype (i.e., ‘Artichoke’ is the subtype and Applegate is the variety name). The more we exchange seeds, the more varieties we will all grow. ophioscorodon.The softnecks which usually don’t grow a scape, are var. sativum. Japanese S&H Silverskin Simoneti Garlic ships in October for fall planting. How big the bulbils are will depend on the garlic variety, and they range in size from large peas down to the size of a grain of rice.The largest specimens can produce harvestable garlic in as little as two years, while the tiny ones will need a full three years to mature. Mild French Rosewood Shilla Russian Red turban. An heirloom variety from the Black Sea region of Russia, this garlic’s bulbs and cloves are large and the flavor is a bit less spicy than other varieties. Its thinly wrapped cloves lose moisture quickly, however, and do not winter over, as do the cloves of the robust softneck. Germinador German Red Purple Italian Chinese Purple A guide to the different types of garlic Hardneck garlic. Pskem Metechi Rocambole garlic has a full-bodied, savory flavor which makes it a popular choice for cooks of all skills with professionals calling on it frequently. © 2020 America's Test Kitchen. When to Plant Garlic & Shallots. 21 Varieties Planted in 2016 (including our Braiding Garlic Medley) for our July 2017 Harvest. Softneck garlic (Allium sativum sativum) is the type of garlic that is typically sold in grocery stores.It has a soft and braid-able stem. Softneck Garlic Varieties Silverskin Garlic Cultivars. Asiatic Garlic Cultivars. Tzan Zemo, Ajo Rojo Leningrad We tasted eight garlic varieties, softneck and hardneck, raw and cooked, and found a wide range of flavors. Creole Garlic Cultivars. Hardneck garlic ( Allium sativum ophioscorodon) are characterized by woody central stalks and a green... Softneck garlic. They are favored by chefs for having exceptional flavor and large easy to peel cloves. Polish White German Extra Hardy More. Large, vigorous plants grow best in mild winter areas. China Dawn Chinese Purple Maiskij Red Janice Shandong Shilla Tzan Xian . Our goal is to regain some of that diversity. Siciliano Garlic Seed & Culinary/Table Garlic – The only difference between seed and culinary/table garlic is that the larger bulbs are used Terms of Service. It does well in cold... ‘Chesnok White’. Polish Hardneck The first step in our mission is to help organic growers sell organic seed. We sell our certified organic garlic seed across the USA. German Giant Artichoke Garlics. Phillips is the one Rocambole garlic we have found so far that can handle heavy or poor soil. Considered the caviar of garlics, a pound of seed will produce up to 50 plants. Italian Easy Peel But the scapes can be used in cooking, much the way that green onions are used, and many people find the mature cloves of hardneck garlic to be more flavorful than softneck garlic. porcelain. Because softneck garlic is heat tolerant and produces and stores well, it has become the favored commercial garlic. All Garlic Varieties and Cultivars listed. Chamiskuri. We grow tens of thousands of gorgeous organic seed-stock bulbs of both garlic and shallots of many different varieties, all well-adapted to our short seasons. Burque. Gourmet Red Thankyou, Your email address will not be published. It’s best to err on the side of planting late, rather than too early. Stinging red-hot-candy heat, strongly spicy, vegetal and green, tannic and metallic. We grow only hardneck garlic. Romanian Red We enjoyed several softneck and hardneck varieties, but our favorites were Porcelain Zemo and Rocambole Carpathian, both of which are hardnecks. Creole, Asiatic, and; Turban. There is great diversity in the three varieties of weak bolting hardnecks and there are two varieties of softneck garlics. Sonoran Ajo Rojo Germinador Burgundy Creole Red Cuban Purple Rose de Lautrec . Courtesy of Fruition Seeds. Softneck garlic is the type you'll most likely see in the produce section of your grocery store. Johnny’s offers certified-organic seed garlic (bulbs) in hardy, vigorous stiffneck and softneck varieties. Mild in flavor, these bulbs contain a lot of cloves, ranging from large to tiny. The results showed significant difference in the studied attributes of the garlic varieties. Ail de Pays Parne. Supermarket garlics are almost invariably softneck. Jumbo, 10lbs, (60 bulbs, 300 cloves) Culinary, 1lb, (10 bulbs, 50 cloves) Culinary, 5lbs, (50 bulbs, 250 cloves) Culinary, 10lbs, (100 bulbs, 500 cloves) The bulb and clove amounts are ESTIMATES to help you determine how much garlic there is by weight for help with planting and spacing. California Late. Caretaker Porcelain is satiny white (hence the name) and about four cloves per bulb. Spanish Roja The hard stem will develop a flower (or scape). The more varieties we grow, the more diverse and resilient our crops will become. Susanville Its name comes from the multilayered parchment that covers the entire bulb, continues up the neck of the bulb, and forms a soft, pliable stalk suitable for braiding. We encourage people to save and exchange their seeds with one another. There are basically two different types of garlic, although some folks lump elephant garlic as a third. Inchelium Red Get FREE ACCESS to every recipe and rating from theis season of our TV show. The garlic that most of us cook with is softneck, so called because its neck is soft and braidable. Elephant garlic is actually a member of the onion family but is a variant of the leek. Varieties of Garlic Softneck Garlic. Rocambole is tan or brownish, with as many as 12 cloves per bulb. We've lost an incredible amount of seed diversity over the last 100 years. The garlic that most of us cook with is softneck, so called because its neck is soft and braidable. It is considered superior in flavor—more complex and intense than softneck. It’s grown commercially because it can be planted mechanically, and doesn’t require effort midseason to trim off the garlic scapes. Large bulbs comprised of 12 to 20 cloves, with the largest ones on the outside of the bulbs. Required fields are marked *. Music Ukraine, Polish Jenn Italian Purple Sweet top note, turns into a pleasing bite, garlic flavor without heat, lingering, complex, no bitterness on finish, very nice. Bogatyr Fishy and rancid, not sweet enough, dull and flat. Garlic flavor: Rich, garlicky, strong, robust and pungent with easy to peel jumbo cloves which are easy to use in the kitchen. Rose de Lautrec, Asian Tempest Siberian, Amish Rocambole Strong yet balanced, spicy bite, mild, mellow, nice. Weakly bolting hardneck garlic are varieties that can produce a scape under harsher conditions, such as intense heat or drought, but otherwise can grow like a softneck.. Hardneck garlic tends to grow well in colder climates, such as Canadian, Central European, and Eastern European climates. Most Rocambole garlic, including German Red, will rot or do poorly in poor draining soil. Feel free to email us at and we'll help you as best we can! Killarney Red Then there are 3 “weakly bolting hardnecks”:. The cloves are easy to peel and this variety can produce an excellent garlic powder. What are the differences among garlic varieties? Silver Rose Bavarian Artichoke Subspecies: They’re broken down first into Hardneck and Softneck. Garlic grown from bulbils can take up to three years to mature if the initial garlic seed was quite small. Organic garlic is a reliable way of avoiding the bleaching that may be done to make the the bulbs look perfectly white. Spanish or red garlic Gorgeous purple colour, almost fig-like and often very large. It’s fall, and that means it’s garlic planting time. A separate article will cover softneck garlic for Southern climates. Garlic (Allium sativam) has two sub-species softnecks and hardnecks. Burns roof of mouth but has good flavor, starts mild, turns hot, long biting, bitter aftertaste. Cuban Purple What are the differences among garlic varieties? Largest bulbs and plants in the garlic field; An Italian variety brought back to Canada by Al Music in the 1980’s from his home land. Slovenian The clove skins are much looser than those of other... Purple Stripe. Sweet, caramel-like, nutty, no heat upfront, fleeting, piquant. Middle Eastern. Early Red Italian Good Buy 2020 Sale: Save 15% on our Top Rated Espresso Machine. They have very large cloves and fewer cloves — … Fragrant, floral, deep round garlic flavor, peppery but sweet, quite a sting. Garlic Bulbils If left on the plant to mature the topset or scape of a hardneck garlic will produce a number of bulbils which can be planted. Stull Rogue River Red Here’s a list of all (at least 90% of them) of the garlic cultivars available today. We offer over 40 varieties of hardneck and softneck garlic seed and food garlic to gardeners, farmers, CSA's and anyone wanting to grow or sell garlic. Transylvanian, I want to buy Creole and Asiatic garlic in August for my personal garden in Florida. The maximum stem diameter (13.5 mm) was noted by the variety NARC-1 followed by variety Swat White and Garlic-1 (8.9 mm, 8.5 mm) respectively while the minimum stem … Find out which type can be braided, which gives the largest cloves, and lots more. Italian Late Polish Softneck Korean Red Hot, Paw Paw Brown Tempest Eight garlic varieties to grow ‘Albigensian Wight’. 1 - 6 of 6 Done. Garlic falls into two primary categories: hardneck and softneck. Hardneck garlic typically has a shorter shelf life than softneck garlic. Often sold as ‘Venetian White’, this softneck variety has a strong taste. Creole Red Red Toch "Yummy," mild, fragrant, perfumed, upfront flavor dissolves fast, no lingering flavor. Hardneck Varieties Porcelain. Softneck garlic contains a circle of plump cloves shrouding a second circle of smaller cloves, all enveloped by many papery layers. Hardnecks: The hardneck refers to the scape that later produces a flower. Hot and raw, light bitter finish, lots of high and low notes, complex, astringent. This is a way of rapidly increasing your garlic … Your email address will not be published. Most grocery store garlic is softneck garlic. Hardneck garlic varieties to grow include: California Early A heavy cropping, softneck variety from south west France. Maiskij Garlic Bulbs - Organic Seed Garlic | Dynamic Comparison Chart; Sort By: Go. Creole Garlic. From there they are broken down into the 10 varieties. Creole. Turban Garlic Cultivars. Grid View List View. Within the universe of “hardneck garlic” there are a number of subgroups including Porcelain, Rocambole, Purple Stripe, Marbled Purple Stripe, Glazed Purple Stripe, Asiatic, Turban and Creole. 3 Types of Garlic: Softneck, Hardneck, or Elephant. Aglio Blanco. Thermadrone, China Dawn Softneck Garlic Varieties. This is the most common hardneck variety to grow. Some varieties can be mild, others, such as the chesnok, are high in … Filters. Lorz Italian SOFTNECK GARLIC. California Early. Get FREE ACCESS to every recipe and rating from this season of our TV show. Rough, "heartburn city" according to one taster, "garlic by Hasbro" according to another, sharp and metallic. Softneck varieties store the longest and are best suited to temperate climates. Georgian Crystal It's worth having a look around at different types of garlic - you can get very different effects with different types, in different seasons. Softneck garlic contains a circle of plump cloves shrouding a second circle of smaller cloves, all enveloped by many papery layers. Popular Asiatic garlic varieties include Pyong Vang, Asian Tempest, Sonoran, Korean Red, Russian Red, and Asian Rose. Learn real cooking skills from your favorite food experts, The iconic magazine that investigates how and why recipes work, American classics, everyday favorites, and the stories behind them, Experts teach 200+ online courses for home cooks at every skill level, Kid tested, kid approved: Welcome to America’s Test Kitchen for the next generation. Nice medium bite, slow low heat, lingering flavor. Porcelain garlics have the largest bulbs of all the “true garlic” plants. German White Turban: Turban garlic is very similar to Asiatic and it is also one of the earliest harvesting garlics. Marino The plants of this variety have broader leaves than others but are not very tall. Nootka Rose Our seed is 100% certified organic. Northern White You’ll find them at Garlic can be divided into 3 types. Silverwhite, Applegate Korean Red Very mellow, full garlic flavor, anchovy flavored, spicy. The caviar of garlic varieties. © 2020 Handlebar Enterprises, LLC. Big bite, raw-tasting, hot and pungent, sour and bitter. Georgian Fire Idaho Silver Mild French Nootka … Privacy Policy. Burgundy Applegate. Asian Tempest Japanese Killarney Red Korean Red Sonoran Thermadrone. It has very large bulbs with very few cloves, three or four, and has a sweet, mellow onion/garlic flavor and a similar mien, hence the confusion. Xian, Idaho Silver Lifeless, spineless, "old gym socks," "garlic muzak.". They also contain the highest... Rocambole. Red Janice