There are currently 193 Member States of the ITU, including all UN member states except the Republic of Palau. The ITU is the world's oldest intergovernmental organization having been founded in 1865. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs. ITU is committed to connecting all the world's people – wherever they live and whatever their means. A permanent General Secretariat, headed by the Secretary General, manages the day-to-day work of the Union and its sectors. Find out more 1865; the first international governmental organization) and the International Radiotelegraph Union (est. [7] The development of the telegraph in the early 19th century changed the way people communicated on the local and international levels. They are also used in order to ensure equitable distribution on the Council, with seats being apportioned among the regions. The sector members are divided as follow: List of members: [43], Telecommunications ministers from 193 countries attended the conference in Dubai. [44] In 1988, telecommunications operated under regulated monopolies in most countries. Secondo l'ITU, International Telecommunication Union, , oltre la metà della popolazione mondiale non ha ancora accesso a Internet né accesso ad altre tecnologie digitali. Some outside the United States believe that the United States exerts too much influence over the governance of the Internet. International Telecommunication Union. "[34][35], In addition the 193 Member States, there are close to 900 sector members of the ITU. ITU's membership is evolving in line with major trends in the industry. The International Telecommunication Union member states are the 193 sovereign states that are members of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and have equal representation at its supreme decision-making body, the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference. [13][26], The Secretariat is headed by a Secretary-General who is responsible for the overall management of the Union, and acts as its legal representative. These members are private organizations like carriers, equipment manufacturers, funding bodies, research and development organizations and international and regional telecommunication organizations. [58] Despite the significant number countries not signing, the ITU came out with a press release: "New global telecoms treaty agreed in Dubai". It was preceded by the now defunct International Telegraph Union which drafted the earliest international standards and regulations governing international telegraph networks. International Telecommunication Union regions with dividing lines.svg 940 × 477; 1.2 MB Play media ITU - AI for Good Webinar Series - COVID-19 Case Study Using ICT & AI in The Republic of Korea.webm 59 s, 1,920 × 1,080; 25.37 MB International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the leading United Nations agency for information and communication technologies. [15] The sectors were created during the restructuring of ITU at its 1992 Plenipotentiary Conference.[16]. [41], In August 2012, Neaomy Claiborne of Northern California was reelected for a 3rd term as liaison and legal advisor to the Secretariat General. The head of the U.S. delegation, Terry Kramer, said "We cannot support a treaty that is not supportive of the multistakeholder model of Internet governance". administrative and budgetary planning of the Union, as well as with monitoring compliance with ITU regulations, and oversees with assistance from the Secretariat advisor Neaomy Claiborne of Riverbank to insure misconduct during legal investigations are not overlooked and finally, it publishes the results of the work of the ITU. Between 1849 and 1865, a series of bilateral and regional agreements among Western European states attempted to standardize international communications. His four-year mandate started on 1 January 2015, and he was formally inaugurated on 15 January 2015. [2], The ITU was initially aimed at helping connect telegraphic networks between countries, with its mandate consistently broadening with the advent of new communications technologies; it adopted its current name in 1934 to reflect its expanded responsibilities over radio and the telephone. 1906); there are now 191 member nations. Based in Geneva, Switzerland, the ITU's global membership includes 193 countries and around 900 business, academic institutions, and international and regional organizations. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union Internationale des Télécommunications or UIT), is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for all matters related to information and communication technologies. [47][48] Indeed, some European telecommunication services have proposed a so-called "sender pays" model that would require sources of Internet traffic to pay destinations, similar to the way funds are transferred between countries using the telephone. At the conference it was also decided that the Bureau of the International Telegraph Union would also act as the conference's central administrator. [59] The Electronic Frontier Foundation expressed concern at this, calling for a more transparent multi-stakeholder process. Sfoglia parole milioni e frasi in tutte le lingue. Over the past few years, ITU has welcomed key players from the automotive, financial, health, industrial and utility sectors. Unione internazionale delle telecomunicazioni L’Unione internazionale delle telecomunicazioni [...] (in inglese International Telecommunications Union - ITU) è un’organizzazione internazionale istituita nel 1932 a seguito della fusione tra l’Unione internazionale telegrafica ( ... ... Leggi Tutto [32] Palestine was admitted as a United Nations General Assembly observer in 2010. Its members are as follow:[25], The mission of the Secretariat is to provide high-quality and efficient services to the membership of the Union. Proposals under consideration would establish regulatory oversight by the UN over security, fraud, traffic accounting as well as traffic flow, management of Internet Domain Names and IP addresses, and other aspects of the Internet that are currently governed either by community-based approaches such as regional Internet registries, ICANN, or largely national regulatory frameworks. [8][9] As a result of the 1865 Conference, the International Telegraph Union, the predecessor to the modern ITU, was founded as the first international standards organization. Originally founded in 1865 to promote cooperation among international telegraphy networks of the day, ITU predates many other standardization bodies and its long and distinguished history contains a number of important 'firsts', such as the standardization of the use of the Morse code and the world's first radiocommunication and fixed telecommunication networks. 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