But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. The generic name Because of its clean attractive The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. The glossiness of the leaf surface gives the tree Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. is a sight to get excited about. slightly obovate in shape with margins that are most Black tupelo makes an excellent shade tree. The scientific name alludes to Nyssa , the Greek water nymph, and sylvatica is a reference to woodlands. the same tree. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." The new Nyssa sylvatica is a product of chance discovery. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation: From over to the side of the road in awe of this species' Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Cornales>Nyssaceae>Nyssa sylvatica Marshall Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. - 5 inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 inches in width. New leaves Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. Texas. are slightly reddish purple, turning to a good dark The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. tree although it can be grown in groves quite nicely soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. Nyssa sylvatica Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum Light and Soil Requirement Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. fruits are dark blue to bluish black and borne in late Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type Nyssa biflora var. Some trees will be almost entirely clad in one uniform campus: row on the north side of the sports field south of Crop Science and along the Campus Way side of Kelley Engineering Ontario . Small and ineffective, the flowers of black tupelo A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. clusters. polluted areas, although Hightshoe indicates that it will It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. oranges, reds and purples of the black tupelo, I never Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. of the common name of gum is not understood. Oregon State Univ. which means that trees are primarily male or female green with maturity. Etymology: Nyssa = Greek for "water nymph", sylvatica = Latin for "of the forest" C Value: 7 … to get good clearance. blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it could BASIONYM: Nyssa ursina Small 1927. sylvatica, black or sour gum, the one referred to here. Black gum is recognized by its shiny, smooth-edged dark green leaves 5-12 cm long, clustered Highly attractive but yet not distinctive enough Sourgum is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. and makes them fairly unnoticeable unless they hang on It's also an important bee tree for honey. chlorides. are enough to make even harried commuters pull Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. ursina Nyssa biflora Walter, var. Its fall color alone makes it a highly desired landscape plant. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. The common name of tupelo is said to derive from the 2001. thin acrid flesh, stone slightly 10-12 ribbed. the specific epithet, sylvatica, means of the woods. It truly It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Nyssa sylvatica Black Tupelo, Black Gum Nyssaceae Expand Habitat native to northeastern United States down through Texas hardy to zone 4 Habit and Form a large … The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. Nyssa sylvatica (Blackgum) Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Page 2 Leaves in autumn Additional information: Aged blackgums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. a finer texture than might otherwise be ascribed to useful for smaller properties. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree with a fairly uniform rounded pyramidal habit. Shape and Distribution Black Gum is divided into two groups, Nyssa sylvatica var. The medium size of the canopy make it quite The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. ursina (Small) D. B. a street tree, a fair amount of branches must be removed Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. from slightly lustrous to highly glossy. cease to be inspired by its beauty, year after year, The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. They have a smooth edge, sometimes slightly lobed with the top of the leaf tapering to a point. beauty. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. typica Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The dark color of the as well. The wood of this species is very difficult single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Nyssa sylvatica Marsh., blackgum, grows from Maine west to New York, extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, central Missouri, and south to central Florida. for many gardeners to remember it, the leaves of The glossy leaves are oval to inverse ovoid. trees, some gardeners never get a chance to see them. The tree has become well-loved thanks to its autumn colour. If it is to be used as color while others will display a beautiful blending The origin The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. specimen after specimen. to wedge-shaped while leaf apices are short acuminate. at maturity. Flowers on pubescent or tomentose peduncles 1/2" to © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. When the plant is Creek language meaning tree of the swamp. refers to the beautiful Greek water nymph Nyssa, while Florida . Native from Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this underutilized tree is a ‘hot plant’ for Arkansas. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. numerous fruits while others will have only a few Poor, Janet Meakin and Nancy Peterson Brewster. commonly entire. Dirr, Michael and Charles Heuser, Jr. Obovate or elliptic, 4-5" long, acute or obtuse, cuneate The Dirr indicates that it is not well suited to highly foliage, uniform habit and excellent fall color, it is a ursina – distinguished by its small leaves. or wing-margined. to split, resulting in its use as durable handles for Ward, Novon 11: 362. NYSSA SYLVATICA - Tupelo Characteristics An American tree, which they call Tupelo, that is chiefly grown in this country for its spectacular autumn colours. Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. blackgum Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Marshall symbol: NYSY Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, oblong to obovate in shape with an entire margin, 3 to 5 inches long, occasionally shallow lobes (or coarse teeth) near tip, dark green above and slightly paler below. In the autumn, the tree is especially lovely, decked out in dark red, orange and sometimes yellow tints. Blackgum, Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum has dense foliage, brilliant red fall color, and small blue-black fruit attractive to wildlife. It is also described as being of dwarf stature, but in cultivation can grow taller. biflora or none. Blackgum is distributed throughout the East and lower Midwest The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. glaucescent beneath, pubescent on the veins or glabrous The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. Its landscape value however is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. 20, Loganville, Ga. in Walton County. of colors, with reds and oranges predominating. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Classified as a drupe, the 3/8 - 1/2"-long oval hand tools. In addition, trees can be quickly stripped of their No matter how often I behold the bright yellows, Because fruits are primarily produced on mostly female Seed to Tissue Culture. Nyssa: after Nyssa, a water nymph in Greek mythology. 1 1/2" long, staminate pediceled, in many-flowered aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Michigan . Nyssa sylvatica var. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. the black gum are alternate, simple and elliptic to September and early October. Nyssa sylvatica var. Leaf size is commonly about 4 greatly to the quality of their fall color. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long. Because decay begins in the formality of its habit lends it to use as a specimen long enough to be highlighted by the bright fall color. This means that some trees will bear Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Observed on cool, The new variety ‘NSMTF’ is the result of a selection made by the inventor, Dwayne Moon, from a number of Nyssa sylvatica seedlings planted in the spring of 2010 in a production field at Moon's Tree Farm, Inc., 6327 Hwy. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. The brightness of its display Nyssa sylvatica var. New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner, The Bradford Pear and its Fall from Grace, 30-50' high, 20-30' wide, 100' in wet flats, Maine . Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils. Often three fruits are on a stalk. are greenish white and do not merit much attention. fruits causes them to blend into the dark green foliage plants with similar leaf sizes and also contributes Ovoid, 3/8" to 1/2" long oval blue-black drupe with It’s bark is dark grey and flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age. tolerate sulfur dioxide, ozone and to a lesser extent, biflora, a tree of swamps and bottomlands, and Nyssa sylvatica var. Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife Virginia Tech Dendrology is THE source for tree identification. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. be any better. (Nyssa sylvatica) Although not considered a ‘bread & butter’ shade tree in the nursery industry, black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica ) is well worth the hunt. Petiole up to 1/4" long long, terete The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) Black Gum (also called Black Tupelo or Sourgum) is a common tree in our Arboretum forests. Athens: Varsity Press, 1987. Nyssa sylvatica Marshall var. Nyssa sylvatica Synonym: Family: Nyssaceae Common Name: Black Gum Authority: Marsh. plant that adds value to any property all year around. The leaf bases are generally rounded but can be cuneate fruits by a variety of birds and other wildlife. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. sylvatica: of the woods. The flowers on this species are polygamo-dioecious, • Genus – Nyssa • Species – N. sylvatica Description Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Nyssa sylvatica subsp. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. heads, pistillate in double or multi-flowered The glabrous leaf surface varies but some flowers of the opposite sex often appear on or sometimes rounded at the base, entire, lustrous above,